RAS/RTS 2009 solved pre paper of Sociology. This RAS was held on July 7, 2009. It is perfect sample paper for RAS/RTS exam. We would be posting more RAS previous years papers like Geography, commerce, 2008 Public Administration and GK as well.
1. A Shaman is a
(A) Family head (B) Capitalist (C) Beggar (D) Religious Practitioner
2. A prescribed way of performing religious acts is defined as a
(A) Religion (B) Ritual (C) Rites passage (D) Ceremony
3. Homeopathic magic is
(A) Imitative magic (B) Contagious magic (C) Science (D) Religion
4. Who has stated that 'the concept of unity is inherent in Hinduism' ?
(A) S. C. Dube (B) Yogendra Singh (C) M. N. Srinivas (D) T. N. Madan
5. The number of national languages recognised by the Constitution of India is-
(A) 15 (C) 19 (B) 18 (D) 22
6. Little traditions are-
(A) the traditions of little communities (B) the traditions which are written (C) the traditions which are unwritten and transmitted orally (D) the traditions of backward castes
7. Louis Dumont is most well known for his study of-
(A) Marriage system (B) Family system (C) Caste system (D) Kinship system
8. The number of 'purusharthas' is-
(A) Two (C) Five (B) Four (D) Seven (B) Fasid (D) Zakat
9. Which one is a purusharth among these?
(A) Varna (B) Artha (C) Vaishya (D) Sudra
10. The form of Hindu marriage in which neither is the consent of parents necessary nor are the rites, is known as-
(A) Paishacha marriage (B) Rakshas marriage (C) Asur marriage (D) Gandharv marriage
11. The Hindu Marriage Act does not allow marriage on the father's side within-
(A) Three generations (B) Four generations (C) Five generations (D) Six generations
12. Which of the following terms is not related to the Muslim marriage?
(A) Sahi (C) Mehr C. Mehr d. Zakat
13. The duration of 'iddat' for Muslim widow is-
(A) Three months (B) Three months and fifteen days (C) Four months (D) Four months and ten days
14. Which theory of origin of caste is supported by G. S. Ghurye?
(A) Traditional theory (B) Occupational theory (C) Racial theory (D) Brahmanical theory
15. 1. P. Desai has defined marginally joint families as-
(A) Households of low degree of jointers (B) Households of high degree of jointers
(C) Households of higher degree of jointers (D) Households of the highest degree of jointers
16. Which of the following is not a basis of caste dominance anymore?
(A) Ritual status (B) Numerical preponderance (C) Economic strength
(D) Political network
17. Caste identified by M. N. Srinivas as dominant caste in his study of Rampura village is-
(A) Brahman (B) Peasant (C) Washerman (D) Untouchable
18. Tarwad is a-
(A) Nuclear family (B) Matrilineal joint family (C) Patrilineal joint family (D) All of the above
19. Patrilineal descent system is not found among-
(A) Santhals (B) Garos (C) Mundas (D) Todas
20. Which year the National Commission for women was set up in India?
(A) 1970 (C) 1992 (B) 1985 (D) 2002
21. Which year was declared as 'woman's empowerment' year by the Government of India?
(A) 2000 (B) 2001 (C) 2002 (D) 2003
22. The branch of Sociology related to the study of size, composition and distribution of population is called-
(A) Geography (B) Anthropology (C) Environmental Sociology (D) Demography
23. The cause of population growth is not-
(A) Birth rate (B) Death rate (C) Migration rate (D) Dependency ratio
24. The State in India having the longest life expectancy according to census 2001, is-
(A) Punjab (B) Kerala (C) Karnataka (D) Haryana
25. The notion of' culture of poverty' was popularized by-
(A) Pitrim Sorokin (B) Oswald Spengler (C) Cloward Ohlin (D) Oscar Lewis
26. Which of the following is not an element of poverty ?
(A) Subsistent (B) Conspicuous consumption (C) Inequality
27. The rank of State of Rajasthan on Human Development Index based on census data-200l is- (A) Twelfth (B) Eleventh (C) Ninth (D) Eighth
28. Which of the following factors is not a hindrance in national integration?
(A) Casteism (B) Communalism (C) Regionalism (D) Urbanism
29. Which Article of the Indian Constitution provides protection to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes from social injustice and all forms of exploitation?
(A) Article 42 (B) Article 45 (C) Article 46 (D) Article 51
30. The book 'Harijan Elite' is written by-
(A) Shyam Lal (B) Sachchidanand (C) Shiv Kumar (D) Surjit Sinha
31. Which of the following is an example of bonded labour in Rajasthan ?
(A) Gothi system (B) Jetha system (C) Sagri system (D) Vetti system
32. Who of the following has preferred calling the Scheduled Tribes as 'Backward Hindus' ?
A. S C Dube
B. G.S. Ghurye
C. L.P. Vidyarthi
D. K.S. Singh
33. The criterion not adopted for declaring any community as a Scheduled Tribe is-
(A) Primitive traits
(B) Multi cultural
(C) Geographical isolation
(D) Shyness of contact with the public at large
34. According to the census-200l, which of the following States has the highest percentage of Scheduled Caste population as part of its total population?
(A) Punjab (B) Himachal Pradesh (C) Uttar Pradesh (D) Rajasthan
35. Disobedience to authority by the University students is an example of-
(A) Youth unrest (B) Youth agitation (C) Youth indiscipline (D) Youth crime
36. 'Social control explanation' of child abuse is given by-
(A) Gelles (B) William Goode (C) Burgess (D) Kempe
37. In which year did India accede to the UN Convention on the Rights of Child?
(A) 1992 (B) 1997 (C) 2001 (D) 2004
38. The integrated project for development and empowerment of women is-
(A) Swawalamban (B) Swadhar (C) Swashakti (D) Swayamsidha
39. Industrialization and development have:
(A) No relationship (B) Positive relationship (C) Negative relationship (D) Inverse relationship
40. According to census-200l, the decennial growth rate of urbanization-
(A) has increased (B) has decreased (C) has remained same (D) cannot be known
41. In most societies, urbanization has-
(A) strengthened the influence of extended family system (B) discouraged economic
growth (C) weakened traditional values and life patterns (D) promoted collectivism
42. In census-200l, the towns in India have been classified into
(A) Six categories
(B) Five categories
(C) Four categories
(D) Three categories
43. CAPART is an autonomous organization for-
(A) Tribal development (B) Rural development (C) Urban development (D) All of the above
44. Which Amendment did result in the Panchayati Raj Institutions being conferred the constitutional sanction?
(A) 70th Amendment (B) 72nd Amendment (C) 73rd Amendment (D) 76th Amendment
45. Gram Sabha consists of-
(A) Entire population of the village (B) Womenfolk of the village (C) Menfolk of the village
(D) All eligible voters of the village
46. Which of the following is not a part of three-tier structure of Panchayati Raj ?
(A) Village Panchayat (B) Panchayat Sarniti (C) District Council (Zilla Parishad)
(D) State Council
47. Which of the following economies is characterized by a shift from producing goods to producing services?
(A) Preindustrial economy (B) Industrial economy
48. The best example of someone with legal-rational authority is-
(A) A robber
(B) A King
(C) A Member of Parliament
(D) A charismatic religious leader
49. The continent where Sociology first developed is-
(A) Asia (B) America (C) Australia (D) Europe
50. Which of the following is not a key factor in the origin of Sociology ?
(A) The enlightenment (B) Globalization (C) Industrial revolution (d) Political revolutions
51. Three paths to a definition of Sociology described by Alex Inkels does not include--
(A) The analytical path (B) The critical path (C) The empirical path (D) The historical path
52. The book 'Invitation to Sociology: A Humanistic Perspective' is authored by-
(A) H. M. Johnson (B) Pi trim Sorokin (C) Peter Berger (D) C. Wright Mills
53. Which of the following is not a benefit of the sociological perspective?
(A) It helps us to see the opportunities and constraints in our lives
(B) It helps us to understand that common sense is more important than research findings
(C) It empowers us to be active participants in our society
(D) It helps to live in a diverse world
54. 'Sociology: A Multiple Paradigm Science' book is written by-
(A) George Ritzer (B) Anthony Giddens (C) Herbert Blumer (D) Thomas Kuhn
55. Sociology as a science is not
(A) Empirical (B) Theoretical (C) Cumulative (D) Ethical
56. The way of understanding based on Science is called-
(A) Physical Science (B) Functionalism (C) Positivism (D) Criticism
57. Which of the following sociological perspectives views society as a system of interdependent and coordinated parts?
(A) Structural functional perspective (B) Conflict perspective (C) Interactions perspective (D) Feministic perspective
58. A goal of science is to discover how variables are related. Which of the following are two ways to discover how variables are related?
(A) Independent and dependent variables (B) Cause-effect and correlation (C) Cause-effect and independent variables (D) Correlation and dependent variables
59. The discipline which studies societies more as a whole, is
(A) Sociology (B) Anthropology (C) Psychology (D) Economics
60. Which of the following is more a characteristic of Anthropology than of Sociology ?
(A) Study of industrial populations (B) Literate informants (C) Formal interviews
(D) Co-participant observation
61. The classification of societies into 'Sacred' society and 'Secular' society is given by-
(A) Herbert Spencer
(B) Emile Durkheim
(C) Faradinand Tonnies
(D) Howard Becker
62. Which of the following is not a primary societal need necessary for the existence of any society ?
(A) Population (B) Specialization (C) Solidarity (D) Diversity
63. "Community is the smallest territorial group that can embrace all aspects of social life" is the statement given by-
(A) Tom Bottomer (B) MacIver and Page (C) Kingsley Davis (D) Kimball Young
64. Which of the following is not an example of community ?
(A) A tribe (B) A caste (C) A prison (D) A village
65. The concept of 'total institution' is given by-
(A) James Coleman (B) Erving Goffman (C) Georges Friedman (D) David Hardiman
66. Which of the following statements is not true ?
(A) There can be a multitude of associations within the same community
(B) Individual may belong to many associations
(C) Communities may become associations
(D) Associations may become communities, at least temporarily
67. 'Constitution' is an example of
(D) All of above
68. Three ways of studying institutions mentioned by MacIver and Page are --
(A) Comparative analysis, historical analysis and functional inter-relationship analysis
(B) Historical analysis, functional inter-relationship analysis and cause-effect analysis
(C) Cause-effect analysis, comparative analysis and Historical analysis
(D) The Functional inter-relationship analysis, comparative analysis and cause-effect analysis
69. The classification of institutions into 'crescive' institutions and 'enacted' institutions is given by-
(A) William Graham Sumner (8) George Simmel (C) Adam Smith (D) Albion Small
70. As the group size enlarges, the number of relationships-
(A) increases (B) decreases (C) remains same (D) group disappears
71. According to George Simmel, the least stable groups are-
(A) The dyad groups (B) The triad groups (C) Small groups (more than three people)
(D) Large groups
72. Which of the following is not a basis of difference between primary groups and secondary groups?
(A) Quality of relationships (8) Duration of relationships (C) Breadth of relationships (D) Ethnicity of relationships
73. The concept of 'reference group' was coined by-
(A) Samuel Stouffer (8) Herbert Hyman (C) Robert Merton (D) Talcott Parsons
74. Reference groups can be
(A) Primary groups (B) Secondary groups (C) Primary or secondary groups
(D) Neither primary groups nor secondary groups
75. Which of the following is not an element of nonverbal communication?
(A) Language (8) Body language (C) Posture (D) Social distance
76. The distance within which close friends normally interact is termed by Edward Hall as-
(A) Intimate distance (C) Social distance (D) Public distance
77. What term do Sociologists use to refer to the reputation that a person has earned within an occupation?
(A) Esteem (B) Prestige (C) Status (D) Power
78. Which of the following is not a type of status?
(A) Ascribed status (B) Achieved status (C) Assigned status (D) Assembled status
79.. A driver's son becoming a driver is an example of-
(A) Ascribed status (B) Achieved status (C) Assembled status (D) All of the above
80. Which of the following is not an example of closed stratification system?
(A) Slavery system (B) Caste system (C) Class system (D) All of above are closed stratification systems
81. The three dimensions of inequality according to Max Weber are-
(A) Power, status and respect (B) Health, status and power (C) Wealth, respect and power (D) Economic, status and power
82. The view that social stratification has beneficial consequences for the operation of a society, is given by-
(A) Karl Marx (B) Max Weber (C) MacIver and Page (D) Davis and Moore
83. The opposite of xenocentrism is
(A) Ethnocentrism (B) Cultural relativism (C) Cultural imperialism (D) Functionalism
84. Which of the following statement is correct?
(A) Symbols include signs and signals (B) Signs include signals and symbols (C) Signals include signs and symbols (D) All of above are correct
85. The criterion not suggested by Williams to determine dominant values in society is-
(A) Duration (B) Extensiveness (C) Functionality (D) Intensity
86. Patterns of male dominance are reinforced in many societies in the world by-
(A) Values (B) Folkways (C) Mores (D) Sanctions
87. Which of the following concepts is not a part of three-fold founda· tion of George Herbert Mead's Theory of Socialization?
(A) Mind (B) Self (C) Institution (D) Society
88. The process, whereby people normally being socialized are at the same time socializing their socializers is known as-
(A) Socialization (B) De-socialization (C) Re-socialization (D) Reverse socialization
89. What part of Sigmund Freud's Theory of Personality is most closely related to George Herbert Mead's notion of "I"?
(A) The id (B) The ego (C) The super ego (D) The Libido
90. Which of the following is not an integrative effect of conflict
(A) It increases group cohesion (B) It leads to alliance with other groups
(C) It diverts members' attention from group objectives
(D) It leads to a resolution of issues
91. Symbiosis means:
C. Mutual Dependency
92. The book 'Cooperation and conflict among primitive peoples' is written by-
(A) argret11ead (B) George 11urdock (C) Emile Durkheim
(D) Branislaw Lalinowski
93. The indulgence of a person in premarital sex relationship in Indian Society is an example of-
(A) Prescriptive norm
(B) Proscriptive norm
(C) Statistical norm
(D) Hypothetical norm
94. The number of individual responses to anomie given by Robert merton is-
(A) Five (B) Four (C) Three (D) One
95. Bunking School is an example of-
(A) Primary deviance (B) Secondary deviance (C) Tertiary deviance (D) No deviance
96. Robert merton's name is associated with-
(A) Labelling theory of deviance (B) Sub-cultural theory of deviance (C) Control theory of deviance (D) Strain theory of deviance
97. Development is not-
(A) A change in desirable direction (B) A multi-sphere change (C) A spontaneous change (D) A planned change
98. Social evolution is an example of-
(A) Short term, small scale change
(B) Short term, large scale change
(C) Long term, small scale change
(D) Long term, large scale change
99. Which of the following is not a cultural process of change?
100. The correct order of cyclical change of three cultural mentalities given by Sorokin is-
(A) Sensate, Ideational, Idealistic
(B) Ideational, Idealistic, Sensate
(C) Idealistic, Ideational, Sensate
(D) Sensate, Ideational
answers: 1d, 2. b, 3. a, 41, 5d, 6. a, 7 c, 8. b, 9. b, 10. d, 11. a, 12. d, 13. a, 14. c, 15. a, 16. a, 17. a, 18. b, 19. b, 20. c, 21. b, 22. d, 23. d 24. b, 25. d, 26. d, 27. b, 28. d, 29. c, 30. b 31. c, 32. b, 33. b, 34. a, 35. c, 36. a, 37. a, 38. d, 39. b, 40. b, 41.c, 42. a, 43. b, 44. c, 45.d, 46. d, 47. c, 48. c, 49. d 50. b, 51. b, 52. c, 53. b, 54. b, 55. d, 56. c, 57. a, 58. b, 59. a, 60. d. 61. d, 62. b, 63. c, 64. b, 65. b, 66. c , 67. c, 68. c, 69. a, 70. a, 71. a, 72. c, 73. b, 74. c, 75. a, 76. b, 77. a, 78. d, 79. b, 80. c, 81. c, 82. d, 83. a, 84. c, 85. d, 86. d, 87. c, 88. d, 89. a, 90. c, 91. c, 92. d 93. b, 94. a, 95. a, 96. d, 97. c, 98. d, 99. c 100. D